Monday, 15 June 2015.
To do the best I can: paternity in the Inner City
“Doing the Best I can” is a book that looks at the truth about fatherhood. There is no doubt that whenever it becomes a parent, many things are expected. It is clear that they must provide clothing, food, and other basic needs of the child in order to make sure that they have a dwelling, a happy, comfortable and encouraged life. In addition, society expects that when someone becomes a parent, they must teach children compassion, religion, morality, respect and other moral aspects of life, for example, to send them to school. Surprisingly, even the president of the state expects the fathers to remain around the child
This is an important issue, which is the simple upbringing of children? What aspects do a good father do? To these questions, it is written by Catherine Edin, working with Timothy Nelson
Innovations, speeches, and other types of interventions have made a recommendation: young black men should make more “choices”, in particular, they must take responsibility and bring the children to whom they are parents. Any reluctance to do so, as Timothy and Catherine said, “is condemned as one of the leading social issues of our day.”
However, the reality of fatherhood is reality. Catherine and the mosaic, in search of the answer, actually went to Camden, in order to observe the behavior of a hundred and ten men in Philadelphia and Camden. Their main purpose was to gain an understanding of the experiences of white men, Latinos and blacks, all of whom were unmarried fathers. To the authors ‘ surprise, they made the opening of the couple, for most men, an informal incident, almost as an accident. “Just what happened” was the pregnancy, which in most cases “took place” relatively at a similar speed. Despite this, the authors also noted that there are cases of pregnancy that appear to be “semi-pluglans”
The experts could point to the opposite, although fathers indicated “the surprising desire of the parents of their children”. Most of the respondents were satisfied with their “own” children. In fact, Catherine and Timothy came to this institution, it was the child to which the father was actually attached. Mother, it was late. However, in the end, decisions concerning financial assistance, the daily provision of child and child support funds were accepted by the mother, regardless of the fact that the fathers did, through their limited resources, either financially or physically. Moreover, every person was absolutely certain that “a good father” refers to actions and actions that contradict what they expected from their own father
The main new features of the book are in the literature
There are more studies in which the child’s development attribute affects the environment and takes it to account for socio-economic factors (Fan & Chen, 2001). The negative relationship between child development and economic development was of great importance in the literature. Ford et al (2010) argued that income inequality leads to health risks. This contradicts the absolute hypothesis that postulates that income is the only thing that affects health, not how it is distributed. The study additionally provides an analysis of the different health-income connections, in which case the argument is that income has a major impact on health, and income influences health after an epistemological transition
In addition, the book complements the literature on maternity and poverty. Very often women give birth early when they are not ready to provide financial assistance to their children (Eden & Nelson, 2013). Early motherhood is positive for the financial stability of women and their participation in the labour market, which means that women with financial problems and low levels of participation in the labour market often gave birth to unwanted children from the desire or promise of being married. However, the participation rate of women in the labour force is close to zero, and it is possible to explain that women who participate in the labour force are breadwinners and therefore have sufficient income to support children’s health, although at the same time they do not have time to take care of the children, so they have no net effect
On the basis of the results of the book, social specialists understand the problems faced by unmarried fathers, single mothers and the causes of unplanned pregnancies. Social workers charged with helping people make decisions, understand life, and avoid future problems and other multiple responsibilities. Therefore, an understanding of the reasons why men or women are involved in a case is not ready to accept the consequences if they are to be effective. This knowledge is described in the book
Drawing from book,
In general, the book is a noticeable trend in the development of children’s psychology. The author’s findings are related to the human development theorists and other theories, explained by the idea that unconscious events affect the growth of the child. Many of the cosmonauts worked as human beings, helping others to solve their problems and developing them well. Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are two scientists and psychopaths that have a big impact on the field. Freud should be called (Mac Brayer, Milich, & Hundley, 2003)
Freud also believes that the person passes through some psychosexual stages from childhood to adulting age, and when they miss one pint in these states, they can stay in the rest of their lives for the rest of their lives. They included five stages, including anal, phallic, oral, and sexual and latent stages. The first phase is oral, which manifests itself in the first year of the child. Everything that is in this phase is in the form in which they have been inserted. The second stage is the anal stage, which covers the age from 1 to 3 years, it focuses on the anus and its products. During this phase, descendants are trying to gain control over their non-refractory functions. The fiscal phase starts at the age of three to five years and focuses on sexual activity, as boys want to spend time with their mother and girls with their fathers. It’s for boys to find out what can be the father and the girls, the mother. If this has not been done, the men and women who are the replicas of their parents (Georgiou, 1996) are delighted
The third stage is called the latency phase and covers the age bracket from 6 to 12 years, and children are more at this stage
Erickson’s theory presents various aspects of social development. Its main stages are the same for Freud, although the latter speak of adult development. Each stage is characterized by the development of ego or kinder. Development is what is part of the skills of a person or a child. Thus, the negative form of ego ego arises if it is poorly developed at any stage. Each stage has a crisis with a conflict that is centered on the issue. Conversely, early stages of development provide an opportunity for later stages, although recovery takes place later in healthy relationships that one affects in life. Other linkages are vital at every stage, as intergenerational interactions are very important for helping children, young people, and older persons, who are important. Development, whether in an adult or a child plan, can also affect their cultural and social development
From these theories of development, it is clear that the findings in “Doing the Best I Can” show that children of unmarried fathers face many problems in the development process that influence their growth (Ein & Nelson, 2013). These include identification, alarm, ego, unfulfilled dreams, unmet needs and poverty, as well as other issues. It is because of this that they may not be in a position to develop the desired behavior when they are grown. For example, because of concern, the ego is creating a protective mechanism to avoid them; all mechanisms may be inoperative and immoral, but still capable of coping with the harsh reality. Some of these mechanisms include: negation, which is the most common, people are afraid to admit the obvious truth that seems to place them before others; it tries to protect the ego from aspects that it cannot cope with the fact that the process consumes energy. The most common form of denial is the dependency that many people find problematic and do not recognize that they are under the influence of alcohol or substance. Repression is another defense mechanism that seeks to keep information from conscious minds. Although these memories may remain undercover, they may not disappear completely and in some cases may affect future behavior. Displacement is another defensive mechanism used by people to reduce the burden on other employees. When people become frustrated in situations, they become heavier than their families and friends, and they say that they are forced to leave (Baumrind, 1966)
The role of Social Work for Professionals in Human Development
Children who are not orphans or children from poor families are always marginalized and face “significantly higher levels of poverty than those from wealthy families in the United Kingdom” because of exploitation and discrimination by other groups with vested interests (McCarthy, 2007). For many years, however, the need for a framework that would be strong to make their rights known and as such to find ways to improve their position in society has been focused on the work of social activists and professionals (Fan & Chen, 2001). In addition, other actors are working together to support poor children, and they decide on initiatives that provide them with equal opportunities as others in society
At the same time, the British Government pays special attention to “increasing employment rates for ethnic minorities” in order to improve their economic situation (McCarthy, 2007). In addition, some organizations in the United Kingdom, such as Oxfam, have created events that include policies, political documents and published articles, as well as related to provide the poor families with a platform on which they can express ideas in society. According to Robscrap et al. (2012), the concerted efforts of the institutions, as well as the support of the poor, helped them to significantly improve and develop their economic situation in order to generate political mobilization
As children from poor families continue to struggle for a place in the community, social workers manage their lives throughout the world. These professionals also play a critical role in the fight for a society that has just improved the status of marginal staff and improves the efficiency of services for all. In the UK, such experts are fighting for minority minority rights, and they are convinced that their proposals and views reached politicians (McCarthy, 2007). They also work with ethnic minority women to form the basis for their views. Political mobilization, on the other hand, of ethnic minorities, plays a central role in enabling them to achieve their goals
In assessing the financial needs of children from poor families, it is also important to develop communication with not only the family members and the principal educators of these children, but also the need to communicate with children. Communication is crucial to the need for both schools and residential areas. It has contributed to the effective development of the child. The skills associated with effective and clear communication play a key role in helping the child, as often without a father or children from poor countries suffer from a common problem of inferiority, anxiety, aggression and others, as such, communication with peers is difficult (Henderson, 2006). According to Santamarya (2005), although they have a socialization of problems because of their condition or poverty, they can still learn and get along with others. They may not complain but feel and contribute to their intellectual, physical and emotional state
The improvement of the quality of life and development of relations in order to improve the social and economic well-being of the population, the main purpose of the work of specialists in the social sphere is the development of the individual within the framework of the development plan. The recommendation is offered to people so that they can maintain respect, dignity, safety, health and comfort. The standard position of social workers is also supported by the level of satisfaction of persons and their essential caregivers (McCarthy, 2007). This is because people who provide social services should be aware of their duties and responsibilities and should also have the good skills and knowledge needed to provide high quality service (Broker, 2007). Social workers, in general, play a key role in the development of human life through the provision of advisory services to policy makers, teachers and family members of children who are representatives of poor or fatherless. In addition, social workers should continue their education in the social development of children in the contemporary world, with the participation of fathers
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